The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a stroke-specific, performance-based following stroke and integrates Brunnstrom’s stages of motor recovery (Gladstone et al. This method of assessment reduces the time required to perform the test. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is a stroke-specific, performance-based NOTE: *The authors have no direct financial interest in any tools, tests or. program were developed for the total Fugl-Meyer motor and sensory assessments; inter-rater reliability was . CRC; and (3) competency testing in which videotapes were submit- . Brunnstrom, a person recovering from hemiparetic stroke.

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Thus, the dimensions of input data depended on the assessments. Original Editor – Sinead Greenan. Predicting a score for each assessment depends on different features. Some other FMA scores that could not be predicted in this research are required to detect the above hand information with accurate hand position tracking. Assessing the degree of jerky motion using Kinect motion data The evaluation of the movement impairment in this study is based tet the integrated squared jerk.

FMA scoring using Kinect has potential as valid assessment tool for motor function after stroke in the home-based rehabilitation setting. Stroke Assessment and evaluation instruments. Functional assessment tools are essential to monitor meysr and provide current function-based rehabilitation.

Fufl of reach-to-grasp movement patterns in Parkinson’s disease. The detailed clipping process is described in the S1 Appendix. FMA scoring based on pattern recognition from Kinect data To predict a FMA score for each assessment item, an artificial neural network ANN among various pattern recognition algorithms was adopted. Log jerky scores between hemiplegic and non-hemiplegic side were compared using paired t-test. Normalized jerky data based on jerky motion brunbstrom is also used as an additional feature.


Stroke is a leading cause of disabilities worldwide[ 1 ] and hemiplegia is the most common impairment after stroke, [ 2 burnnstrom resulting in upper extremity UE dysfunction. The maximum total score that can be obtained in Fugl Meyer assessment isthough it is common practice to assess all domains separately.

Fugl-Meyer was particularly influenced by the paper authored by Thomas Twitchell, titled The Restoration of Motor Functioning Following Hemiplegia in Man [8] and observations on post-stroke patients by Signe Brunnstrom. Movement smoothness changes during stroke recovery. Data extraction and normalization of Kinect motion data The recorded joint movement data from each FMA assessment were extracted.

Retrieved from ” https: The prediction target of each item score 0, 1 or 2 was evaluated by one therapist.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke

FMA using Kinect is a valid way to brunnatrom upper extremity function and can provide additional results for movement quality in stroke patients. Movement Therapy in Hemiplegia: S2 Appendix Dimensionality hrunnstrom. In this context, there have been efforts to reduce the FMA item; one study suggested reducing the items for UE evaluation to six. An integrated jerky motion varies greatly with the duration and length distance of the movement. Measurements of acute cerebral infarction: However, the collected score data displayed a skewed distribution for some assessments.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of sensorimotor function – Wikipedia

Tele-based assessments by therapists using video are possible but may necessitate scheduling an appointment with the therapist and would involve additional cost. In further work, web-based uploading system of FMA Kinect motion data and real FMA data in various area could help acquire more patient data.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

Data Availability All relevant data are within the paper and brunnsrtom Supporting Information files. The original feature dimension was about with slight variation from item to item.

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Categorical variables are presented as frequencies percentages. Dimensionality reduction is explained in more detail, in the S2 Appendix.

All subjects received detailed information about the study and provided written consent. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the fufl below to access a related citation statement. Reduction to between four and 10 dimensions was done for highly associated principle components.

Fugl-Meyer Assessment of sensorimotor function

The individual in Fig 1 emyer written informed consent as outlined in the PLOS consent form to publish the picture. The recorded joint movement data from each FMA assessment were extracted.

Length is the maximum distance of a position vector time t from the initial time T 1 ufgl, which is the greatest difference of motion distance from the start of motion. Evaluation of upper extremity reachable workspace using Kinect camera. A home-based virtual rehabilitation system could be a useful alternative for conventional rehabilitation to overcome barriers for outpatient rehabilitation in stroke patients, considering its low cost and greater accessibility. The FMA requires a mat or bed, a few small objects and several different tools for the assessment of sensation, reflexes, and range of motion:.

Results Characteristics of the patients Among 44 patients who agreed to participate, 41 completed the FMA. Our cross-validation average error is shown in the prediction accuracy result Fig 2.