Caranx hippos. This large fish is wonderfully abundant in the Atlantic Ocean, and popular resource for both commercial and sports fishers alike. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Caranx hippos – Crevalle jack. (ofScomber hippos Linnaeus, ) Linnaeus C. (). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum.
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They are present all year round in the Gulf of Mexico, with hppos peak in abundance during the summer months due to spawning peaks. VI,Perciformi Trichiuroidei.
The flesh is very red and dark due to the red muscle of the fish, which makes it somewhat coarse and poor tasting. Ciguatera poisoning occurs when humans eat a fish that has eaten a toxin that is produced by the dinoflagellate, Varanx toxicusand it is digested by the fish.
Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. There has been extensive discussion in the scientific literature regarding the possible conspecifity of the Pacific crevalle jack, Caranx caninuswith Caranx hippos. Generally in neritic waters over the continental shelf Ref. The study also indicated young crevalle jack predominantly take clupeids, adding sparids and later carangids to their diets as they grow larger.
The IUCN is a global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. Retrieved from ” https: The species is considered of good to poor quality table fareand is sold fresh, frozen, hipps preserved, or as fishmeal or oil at market. Caranx hippos map Caranx hippos 2 from Bloch, The closely related horse-eye jack Caranx latus is frequently seen schooling over reefs.
Danger to Humans There have been hippls reports of ciguatera poisoning associated with this jack. The juvenile has pigment spots on the anal spines and membranes, which disappear by the time its size reaches 1. The crevalle jack is closely related to both the Pacific crevalle jack and the hippps crevalle jackthe latter of which has been extensively confused with the true crevalle jack until recently.
The crevalle hippks is the only jack in the western Atlantic Ocean with this patch of scales. Synopsis of the carangoids of the eastern coast of North America.
The anal fin consists of two anteriorly detached spines followed by one spine and 16 or 17 soft rays. Portugal to Angola, including the western Mediterranean.
University of Texas Press. It is an important sport fish, and is exploited throughout its range. Peixes de Portugal e ilhas adjacentes. The pigmentation of the first dorsal fin decreases above 1. Many older publications list the species range as from the eastern Pacificwhich now is known to represent the Pacific crevalle jack and is considered a distinct species.
The crevalle jack was the first species of its genus to be carwnx described and named, and is also the type species of the genus Caranx. Learn from the Experts at Salt Water Magazine. Caranx hippos Caraxn Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. This serves to blend in with the water from a predator searching from above, and to blend with the sunlight from a predator hunting from below.
Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: Spawning occurs offshore in the southeastern Atlantic coast and in the Gulf Stream, including any associated currents.
Crevalle jack – Wikipedia
There is an oval black spot on the pectoral fins; this appears at about 4. Maxilla ending approximately below Ref.
Predators The crevalle jack is prey for many surface feeding carnivores, such as finfish including the striped marlin Tetrapturus audaxand sea birds.
The larva use estuaries as nurseries. Archived from the original PDF on caaranx It is common in fish taken off the coasts of Massachusetts and Florida. It was described and named in by the famed Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeusbased on the holotype specimen taken off the coast of the Carolinas, United States. The crevalle jack has been found to spawn in both uippos and subtropical environments.
The straight section contains 23 to 35 very strong scuteswith bilateral keels present on the caudal peduncle. Monografia dei Carangini viventi nel Mediterraneo Pisces, Perciformes. No scales on chest Hipps. This poisoning, although it is usually self-limiting, can affect humans in many ways. Distinctive Features The crevalle jack has a body depth of about three times its fork length. Peces fisoclistos, Subserie Toracicos.
FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture – Aquatic species
Ueber Zwey Merkwurdige Fisch-Arten. There is an oval, black spot on the pectoral fins. Adults usually inhabit areas with temperatures between Integrated Taxonomic Information System. There are also often mentions of the carabx erroneously having circumtropical and Indian Ocean distributions, with these records probably attributable to similar Indo-Pacific species, namely the blacktip trevally and giant trevally.