Task Cohesion: the degree to which group members work together to achieve a common goal. Social Cohesion: reflects the degree to which. Abstract: Why are some teams successful and others unsuccessful? What criteria or attributes . promote group cohesion (Bradley & Frederic, ). • people enjoy .. Team Performance Management: An International Journal,. 7(1/2), . Appendix 1: Techniques for Managing Group Dynamics. . improving the effectiveness of one’s own group; .. group that achieves cohesiveness; a team’s.

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Teams are the basic filwtype of how projects, activities and tasks are being organized and managed within companies worldwide. Global organizations striving for competitive advantage are increasingly incorporating the use of high-performance ream to deploy complex business strategies. Work done in teams provides many advantages and benefits. The major advantages are the diversity of knowledge, ideas and tools contributed by team members, and the camaraderie among members.

A characteristic commonly seen in high-performance teams is cohesiveness, a measure of the attraction perfogmance the group to its members and the resistance to leaving it. Those in highly cohesive teams will be more cooperative and effective in achieving cohesiion goals they set for themselves. Therefore, cohesion in the work place could, in the long run, signify the rise or demise of the success of a company.

Team development takes time and frequently follows recognizable stages as the team journeys from being a group of strangers to becoming a united team with a common goal. The forming stage represents the beginning, the honeymoon period; great expectations are shared from all team members. Relationships are developed, purpose is clear and ground rules are established.

High-performance Teams: Understanding Team Cohesiveness

The storming stage is triggered once team members start jostling for position, stumbling from confusion, having arguments about leadership, strategy and goals. This is when team leadership becomes imperative.

The leader must succeed at keeping the team motivated, addressing all concerns and clarifying purpose and goals. Once the storming stage is overcome the team is ready to establish open communications, stable positions and norms — the norming phase. Once cohesiveness is achieved, teams will move from norming to performing and subsequently to highly performing.

Cohesiveness is the extent to which team members stick together and remain united in the pursuit of a common goal.

Abd team is said to be in a state of cohesion when its members possess bonds linking them to one another and to the team as a whole. Members of a highly cohesive team focus on the process, not the person; they respect everyone on the team, assuming good motives; and they fully commit to team decisions and strategies, creating accountability among the team.

Morale is also higher in cohesive teams because of increased team member communication, friendly team environment, loyalty and team member contribution in the decision-making process. Successful business strategies are usually carried out by an effective team with a high level of team cohesiveness. Highly cohesive teams are more teamm to the goals and activities, are happy when the team succeeds and feel part of something significant, all of which increases self-esteem which in turn increases performance Figure 2.


High-performance teams are what make companies successful. Whether the task is to create an innovative product or service, or performannce design cohesiom new process or system, teams rather than individuals are assuming more of the load than tesm before.

Filefype ideal team combines individual talents and skills into one super-performing-whole with capabilities that surpass those of even its most talented member. High-functioning teams are not the result of coincidence. They achieve greater levels of participation and collaboration teak their members trust one another, share a strong sense of team identity, and have confidence in their abilities and effectiveness. Such teams possess high levels of team emotional intelligence EI.

EI is generally defined as encompassing the awareness and understanding of emotions Figure 3. It incorporates the application of this understanding to decision making, regulation, and self-management: Studies have shown that EI has a positive impact on teamwork by making the team more cohesive. Building an emotionally intelligent team requires developing emotional competence for the group as a whole. Teams that enjoy high levels of EI have established norms that strengthen trust, group identity, and efficiency.

Research from organizational behavior experts Vanessa Druskat and Stephen B.

Interpersonal empathy is critical to confidence. Interpersonal empathy builds confidence within team members; once team confidence is achieved, individual confidence will then follow. People on teams in which they knew one another better were more efficient and got more work done.

When team members know the individuals they are working with, they attain a different level of trust with each other. Team-building activities are a great way to implement this EI-building practice.

For example, when a team is formed at one company, organize several team-building activities — even outside of normal work hours and location — so that the team members get to know each other better and develop empathy. Planning meetings outside of the workplace builds camaraderie. Team-building activities also reinforce organizational commitment as the team perceives that the company cares about the success of the team as a whole. It is important to establish comfortable, team-endorsed ways to express the unavoidable anger, tension and frustration that arise in a team effort and to positively redirect that energy.

Both humor and playfulness can be helpful tools in resolving conflict and relieving tension and stress. Building the EI of a team also requires the expression of positive emotions such as gratitude and admiration when exceeding expectations. Team lunches after a good project has been completed is an example of a typical celebration. The whole team goes out to a restaurant to celebrate their success and hard work.


Although cohesiveness is a crucial and determinant factor for team effectiveness, cohesiveness alone will not guarantee success without organizational commitment. Team members can feel cohesion with their teammates but be completely detached from organizational values and vice versa.

Above and beyond cohesiveness there are other subset factors that are important in team development to make teams work, as shown below and in Figure Teams drive organizational success, though developing and leading high-performance teams is one of the most complex tasks facing any leader in the current competitive work environment. Cohesiveness is the key factor in implementing effective, high-performance teams.

Emotional intelligence also plays a key role in building high-performance teams in that emotional intelligence fosters cohesiveness. Managing emotions is how you build a team, an organization. It is the ability to get team members inspired. Leaders must understand how team cohesiveness works and how bonding in a team will build energy.

Leaders must inspire team members through reinforcing the sense of belonging, empathy in bonding and mutual respect, in addition to giving people choice and power over what they can do. Once that sense of support, that foundation, is created, the result is limitless creativity.

Emotional Intelligence and Team Cohesiveness. Theses, Dissertations and Capstones.

The Relationship between Team Cohesion and Performance in Basketball League in Kenya

Understanding Management 6th ed. Accessed November 25, Harvard Management Updatehttp: Psychological BulletinVolume 63, Number 6, Pageshttp: How can the collective group realize confidence as a whole without individual confidence in place? The way you have depicted the picture of team building is appreciable. Grouping the individual confidence in one fist can be done with the aid of team building.

The images here are very appropriate. You take stones or different shapes and lengths and choesion a rock wall that can stand for a hundred years. You must be logged in to post a comment. Please Sign in Register. Stages of Team Development. A Look at Emotional Intelligence. Factors Involved in Team Development. You Might Also Like. View Profile View all posts by Daniela Molnau. Reduce Special-cause Variation Before Experimentation.

A Primer on Non-normal Data. Nice article, thanks for sharing. December 17, at 9: Cooper The way you have depicted the picture of team building is appreciable. January 16, at 2: June 20, at Ashiwn The way you have depicted the picture of team building is appreciable. November 3, at 1: October 17, at 9: Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment.