Ann Anat. Jul; doi: / Epub Apr 3. Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical. The following biography is mainly based on the article “The History of Eduard Pernkopf’s Topographische Anatomie des Menschen” (see bibliography) by David. A University of Vienna investigation determined in that Eduard Pernkopf’s anatomy department used bodies of executed prisoners from the Gestapo and.

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Fearing that he might suffer legal or political repercussions for his previous Nazi party membership and prewar actions, he went eduarv what he claimed was a vacation to Strobl in the state of Salzburg.

Eduard Pernkopf

Five years after that, inhe formally succeeded Hochstetter as the anatomical institute’s director. Carson used human fetal tissue obtained from abortions in some of his research a couple of decades ago. Their collaboration coincided with the development and refinement of four-colour separation, a printing technique which enabled the more than watercolour paintings produced for his work to be reproduced in colour with great fidelity to the originals.

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What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

Wilhelm Dietz, older than the others, contributed paintings of the neck and pharynx during his two years on the project. They signaled this through the use of Nazi symbols in their work for the atlas. Back in Vienna he rose quickly in the academic ranks. Williams for permission to use this material. This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. I have a good friend who is an Israeli neurosurgeon.

He worked by himself while Pernkopf resumed his prewar schedule despite the privations he had endured. Retrieved 27 July His former facilities at the university were unavailable to him since the anatomical institute had been bombed during the war. Medicine and Murder At the time of his death, Pernkopf was hard at work on the fourth volume. Opponents have asserted that any use of the atlas makes eruard user complicit in Nazi crimes and that modern technology, such as the Visible Human Project based on the tomographic dissection of a man executed in the United Stateswill make the atlas redundant if it has not done so already.


It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Two early examples of Pernkopf’s work, from The experience left him drained and exhausted when he returned to Vienna after his release, hoping to continue his work on the atlas. The only deviation from this high level of realism was the use of color, where Pernkopf instructed them to use brighter hues edard those found in real cadavers so that a edhard would better learn to recognize and distinguish key anatomical landmarks.

Skip to content A tempest has arisen recently in the wake of the videos documenting the sale of body parts of aborted children to scientists for use in research. This is the question faced by many doctors and scientists.

Four years later, inthe second volume, likewise requiring two books, came out. Pernkopf instructed them to paint the organs they saw in as much detail as possible, to make them look like living tissue in print. Here he was active in a nationalistic German student fraternity, Die akademische Burschenschaft Allemania, founded in In he returned to Vienna to work as one of Hochstetter’s assistants, lecturing to first- and second-year students about the peripheral nervous and cardiovascular systems.

– Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas— “a tainted beauty” – AHRPAHRP

Indeed, the only criticism expressed by Dr. A tempest has arisen recently in the wake of the videos documenting the sale of body parts of aborted children to scientists for use in research.

Ben Carson, a pediatric neurosurgeon who eeuard running for the Republican nomination for president, is a strong pro-life advocate.

In subsequent editions all but two of the Nazi insignia and swastika have been carefully airbrushed out in later editions when Nazi connections were no longer appreciated Seidelman. Some years ago we were discussing the teaching of anatomy to medical students, and I mentioned that I use a specific anatomical atlas, written and illustrated by an anatomist named Eduard Pernkopf.


Lepier nevertheless volunteered as an air raid wardenas did Batke when he returned home after being wounded and receiving the Iron Cross on the Eastern front.

Although he was ultimately never charged with any crimes, he was required to do regular hard labor throughout his imprisonment. eduuard

Retrieved 11 November Carson should apologize for using the tissue, although his intentions were obviously good. He is best known for his seven-volume anatomical atlas, Topographische Anatomie des Menschen translated as Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy ; often colloquially known as the Pernkopf atlas or just Pernkopfprepared by Pernkopf and four artists over a year period.

Finally, forcing it out of circulation would be no less an act of censorship than that perpetrated by Hitler’s regime when it publicly burned books shortly after assuming power. He required medical faculty to declare their ethnic lineage as either “Aryan” or “non-Aryan” and swear loyalty to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. His fortunes would change radically as a result. pern,opf

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We all make mistakes, and we learn as we go. The following year he eduzrd a member of the Sturmabteilungbetter known as the Edduard, Storm Troopers or “brownshirts”. When he was released in he was in many ways a broken and dispirited man, but returned to the university, stripped of all titles, to resume work on his atlas.

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional.

With the eduadd of Lepier, ineligible for service because of his severe varicose veinsall the artists entered military service. But there is no defense for using human fetal tissue in research.

After Hitler’s invasion of Austria inthe Anschluss, he was instated as dean of the medical school.

Questions have been raised recently about the propriety of using an atlas created by a Nazi and illustrated by dissections of cadavers whose identities are unknown, but who could have been victims of Nazi political terror.