Empedobacter brevis is a gram negative non motile bacillus and an obligate aerobe which rarely causes infection in humans In , the. Empedobacter (ex Prévot ) Vandamme et al. , gen. nov., nom. rev. Type species: ¤ Empedobacter brevis (Holmes and Owen ) Vandamme et al . Empedobacter brevis (formerly designated Flavobacterium breve) is a gram- negative aerobe involved in nosocomial infections. The Ambler class B β- lactamase.

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An Interesting Case of Empedobacter Brevis Bacteremia After Right Knee Cellulitis

The neonate was treated with appropriate antibiotics and was discharged. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. emppedobacter

In view of recent cataract surgery, an ophthalmologic examination breis performed, which was unremarkable. Empedobacter brevis bacteremia in a patient infected with HIV: A series of eleven patients with E. Consent Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and any accompanying images.

The blood culture sent on days 1, 2, and 3 of admission showed growth of E. The neonate was treated with appropriate antibiotics and was discharged successfully. In this case series, twelve patients were referred because of endophthalmitis after 1—6 days of uncomplicated cataract extraction.

Local application was started with minocycline hydrochloride and the woman showed improvement [ 9 ].

Case Reports in Infectious Diseases

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Table 1 Table showing various biochemical characteristics of Empedobacter brevis. There was no history of recent travel or active substance abuse.

The antibiotics were upgraded to intravenous cefoperazone-sulbactam as per the sensitivity pattern. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


They are obligate aerobes, which form a yellow colony when grown on the solid bdevis. No skin lesions or rash was noted. As environmental organisms, no specific virulence factors have been identified for these species.

Empedobacter brevis Bacteremia in a Patient Infected with HIV: Case Report and Review of Literature

The relationship between E. View at Google Scholar. Disclosure There are no prior publications or submissions with any overlapping information, including studies and patients. Please review our privacy policy. They are nonlactose fermenters on MacConkey agar [ 12 ]. The neonate required multiple vasopressors and steroids for septic shock.

Indexed in Web of Science. The hemoglobin bgevis on admission ejpedobacter Tube feeds were given to the baby and were gradually increased. Due to concern for active gastrointestinal tract bleeding, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit and started on intravenous fluids.

The taxonomy, ecology and cultivation of bacterial genera belonging to the family Flavobacteriaceae. The infant was discharged on breast feeding in well condition with no neurological deficit. The reservoir of these bacteria is soil, plants, water, food, hospital water sources, including incubators, sinks, faucets, tap water, hemodialysis systems, saline solutions, and other pharmaceutical solutions. Most significant in empedobacterr relevance is their ability to survive in hospital environment, especially in moist areas of the hospital [ 12 ].

There are no recommended vaccination or prophylaxis protocols for these bacteria because of their ubiquitous nature and generally it is not considered.


A problem with the sterilization process was considered the possible cause of this outbreak. The pathogenicity of the bacteria is rare and is usually limited to health care workers [ 1 ]. We report the brecis case of E.

These bacteria are also known to be oxidase-negative, catalase-negative, and phosphatase-positive. The blood culture showed growth of multi-drug-resistant Empedobacter brevis.

She was treated with Levaquin for 10 days and that resulted in negative blood cultures and clinical response. The patient was treated with levofloxacin and was discharged in well condition [ 10 ].

They were treated with empedobcter vancomycin and amikacin in addition to ophthalmologic interventions and had good clinical outcomes. Outbreak of Empedobacter brevis endophthalmitis after cataract extraction. Brefis blood culture and CSF culture before discharge showed no growth. It is an environmental, gram-negative bacteria and is rarely encountered in human specimens.

Support Center Support Center. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The neonate was evaluated with sepsis screen, blood culture, and chest emedobacter and was started on antibiotics cefotaxime and amikacin in suspicion of late onset sepsis LOS.