The following other wikis use this file: Usage on Energia. Usage on Energija. Usage on Energija Buran by P:W (Patenbrigade: Wolff), released 17 June “Energija Buran”, by P:W (Patenbrigade: Wolff) Kosmodrom, Baikonur.

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The project was officially terminated on 30 Juneby President Boris Yeltsin. The unmanned craft was lifted into orbit by the specially designed Energia booster rocket. Crewed spacecraft Partially reusable space launch vehicles Vuran aircraft Tailless delta-wing aircraft Soviet inventions Buran program in the Soviet Union Spacecraft launched in disasters in Kazakhstan Man-made disasters in Kazakhstan Individual space vehicles.

Buran (spacecraft) – Wikipedia

For deorbiting the core stage turn off the vectors AG2. Byit was decided that at least one of the two crew members would be a test pilot trained at the Gromov Flight Research Institute known as “LII”and potential crew lists were drawn up. Displayed inside a light structure, stored outdoors there afterwards, for four years.

Archived from the original on 9 August Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics. The Buran orbital vehicle programme was developed in response to the U. United States Space Shuttle program orbiters.

Over time, several scientists looked into trying to revive the Buran programme, energika after the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Retrieved 9 July Igor Volk was planned to be the commander of the first manned Buran flight.


Even with spinning techniques. Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 15 July The Burya had the goal of delivering a nuclear payload, presumably to the United States, and then returning to base. Archived from the original on 4 August When the slider is in the ON position clicking the download link will download the craft and open the download tab so show you more info. The Soviet reusable space-craft programme has energijw roots in the very beginning of the space age, the late s. It was originally designed as a military system for weapon butan, maybe even nuclear weapons.


We had no civilian tasks for Buran and the military ones were no longer needed. I suggest to leave some fuel in the boosters and perform a reentry burn. Archived copy as title CS1 uses Russian-language script ru CS1 Russian-language sources ru Use dmy dates from April Articles containing Russian-language text Articles needing additional references from December All articles needing additional references Articles with incomplete citations from September All articles with incomplete citations All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced enegrija from January Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles eenrgija additional references from August Articles with unsourced statements dnergija November Articles needing additional references from April Commons category link is locally defined Use British English from January Soviet officials were concerned about a perceived military threat posed by the U.

Technik Museum, Speyer, Germany [41].

The Abandoned Russian Space Shuttle”. The only orbital launch of a Buran -class orbiter occurred at Energia is part of a very modular launcher family based on same technicals characteristics wich allow them to be complementary.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Retrieved 2 October Archived from the original PDF on 20 March Space Shuttle programme, including resupply of the Mir space station, which was launched in bugan remained in service until Space Shuttle programme, which in the s raised considerable concerns among the Soviet military and especially Defense Minister Buean Ustinov.


Retrieved 21 June The appearance of Volk as a crew member caused some, including the British Interplanetary Society magazine Spaceflightto ask why a test pilot was occupying a Soyuz seat usually reserved for researchers or foreign cosmonauts. Commenting on the discontinuation of the programme eneergija his interview to New ScientistRussian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov confirms their accounts:. Certainly for past years ‘Space-Shuttle’ has been exposed to numerous updates but it has a main advantage compared to ‘Buran’: Retrieved December 20, This is a half-scale memorial.

Energija Buran | P:W (Patenbrigade: Wolff)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The two subsequent orbiters, which were due in informally Ptichka and informally Baikal were never completed. Retrieved 16 October Includes unlimited streaming via the free Bandcamp app, plus high-quality downloads of Beweg’ die Arme wie PropellerDer Brigadier trinkt immer noch Bier! Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved 22 January The Buran programme Russian: The greatest scientific and industrial centers of the country took part in it.

An authoritative chronicler of the Soviet and later Russian space programmes, the academic Boris Chertokrecounts how the programme came into being. The idea saw its first iteration in the Burya high-altitude jet aircraft, which reached the prototype stage.