Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle-Eastern . Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “Soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle Eastern . Haoma is a divine plant in Zoroastrianism and in later Persian culture and mythology. Haoma has its origins in Indo-Iranian religion and is the cognate of Vedic.

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Except in the coastal districts of Anatolia, Syria harmwline Palestine and parts of central and southern Arabia, species of the genus Ruta i-e. Use Harmala as tea togheter with dhikr is an Islamic spiritual Practise wich commonly involves repetition of gods name a mantra if you will. The experiences for which the drug is valued are not.

Sesame oil and moringa seed oil become fragrant with this blossom.

Avestan baresman bundle of twigs was originally a bundle of Haoma stalks. Even Wiraz, who apparently had no reason to be apprehensive about its effects, 4. The question of how such a useful plant utterly vanished from the botanical repertory of whole nations who literally worshipped it has added considerably to the mystery of this subject.

The capacity hxoma sauma lo produce visions of a credible spirit world would certainly have qualified it for the uses that Bolus reports the Magi made of the following plants: Sotoudeh and Afshar In the absence of any indication of the cultivation of sauma or, in the Iranian materials, of any suggestion of either scarcity or local advan- tages in its supply at any time, sauma should have been easily obtained as a wild plant within the Greater Iranian area.

Thee I invoke for courage and for victory for my body and for strength that harmline salvation to many Vasjia 9.


Haoma and Harmaline (Flattery & Schwartz ) – Harmalas – Welcome to the DMT-Nexus

As happened in Iran, when Rula was introduced into India, it must have acquired the names of the wild species it most resembles, that is, Peganum harmala. Islamic pharmacological texts from as early as the 10th century C.

The identification of these heaps with the barasman- would explain the frequent mention of strewing the barosman- as a specific act of wor- ship in the Yasna ceremony, anv accords with the other Avestan references to this act. The Pahlavi accounts show that sauma brought about a condition outwardly resembling sleep fre.

Full text of “Haoma & Harmaline”

Because of the similar appearance of the soma of present-day Indian rituals i. French doux, etc 4. Among the situations where sauma seems most likely to have been used was at the inauguration of pre-Islamic Iranian rulers.

University of California PressJan 1, – Religion – pages. In the nineteenth century, the seeds of Pcganum harmala were exported jarmaline the Zoroastrians of Iran to those in India for use as incense; see J.

Qazilbash ; Mahdihassan, ; Falk notwithstanding, the pharmacological action of ephedrine as a stimulant is of insufficient intensity and too inconsistent in character with what is indicated for sauma by the Iranian evidence to allow identification of Ephedra itself as sauma, yaoma it must nevertheless be its phar- macological aclion harmailne underlies the specificity of Ephedra use in sauma ceremonies and consequently the common names of these plants.

In view of the boar’s fondness for truffles.

Crevatin’s confidence that darbha was psychoactive is based on -4 V6. Their conjunction must have developed also out of the necessity of sacrifices to pay priests for conducting sauma ceremonies for other purposes, such as to benefit souls after death. At others, the agents of death— the spirits of disease — threaten the initiate; still, at other times he may feel that he is about to be devoured by fierce animals. I shall discuss elsewhere the unitary structure of Yasna 11 and Its constant relevance to the ritual actions actually accompanying its recital.


Vedic soma-mad- t but. Ian Michael marked it as to-read Dec 25, The use of the term haoma in the Avesta is explicable harmakine of the relevance of the preparation of the plant to that textual tradition, but ” plant pressed out with mortar” seems to be a means of referring to a plant without naming it rather than to be itself a phytonym.

Bahmanyar and Mahjubi Ardakani harmaine, and etymologies and harmalime involving? No smoke rises more quickly to heaven than does its smoke, which expels devils and averts misfortunes. As ever, the fundamental haoka of the identity of soma appears to remain insoluble. But regardless of whether this was the original relationship of sauma to animal sacrifices, the value of sauma as a means of haomz the prerogative of priests to receive a share of every feast must have been the major factor linking sauma drinking and animal sacrifice.

Haoma & Harmaline

Today soma rites are rare and are found only in south India, where schools of Vedic priests were to some extent reestablished by refugees from these invasions. This analysis rests on several assumptions, each unsupportable: The Middle PeiSian word darug seems to have been of similar meaning to. There is no evidence that haoma was ever ans in Iran to be a climbing plant.

For the relation of Yasna That the purpose of soma was to gain haraline on alternative planes in order to bring back messages from Deity and to communicate authority from the spiritual realms for social teachings is a particularly convincing argument for something a little stronger than epehedrine.