PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version P. 15 mar. O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs. começa em nível teórico na introdução de “Morte e Vida das Grandes Cidades”. Apesar de. In this indispensable book, urban visionary Jane Jacobs – renowned author of The Death and Life of Great Jacobs pinpoints five pillars of our culture that are in serious decay: community and family; higher Morte e vida de grandes cidades.
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She also claims that scientific debates have a strongly ideological nature. Secondly, Jacobs believes that a city benefits from short building blocks and an intricate street structure. Politicians struggle with issues in the field of city development and the working of the market every day. Gradually, apart from urban interest, Jacobs developed an interest in philosophical and social themes.
Later she said that this time in New York taught her a lot about city life and the social-economic dynamic it radiates, a theme which reccurs in her work. In Cities and the Wealth of Nations Jacobs goes one step further in the praise of the city: Other critics focus on Jacobs thoughts that mankind naturally has a passion for the vivacity of the city. For a good performance of the urban play, she claims, the scene needs to meet four conditions.
Vida e Morte das Rodovias Urbanas
She still lives there happily downtown, on Albany Avenue She supports compact city neighborhoods where different kinds of households and individuals families, elderly, entrepreneurs, artists, migrants, students live together. Jacobs distrusts the so-called “experts” and the “credits” that they are awarded by society. These corrections take place through complex processes like positive, itself strengthening feedback, negative check mechanisms and natural defensive reactions.
If it were up to her, this would not be not the last book she writes. The fondness for fundamental issues that Jacobs developed in the nineties is also clear from her most recent book, which she ominously titled Dark Age Ahead Yet, meshworks of small producers within the city, by interlocking their skills can begin to replace those imports with local production, which can then be exchanged with other backward cities. Her work consists, in total, of seven books and a number of notes varying from short magazine articles to letters to newspapers.
Then she found out how little planning theory corresponded with the reality of city life.
The national government had better leave the economic politics to the cities, not just because it is there that jan is created, but also because local politicians know better which measures are needed in a city because of their knowledge of the local situation. Among the many specialists who only partly occupy themselves macobs reality, she does not avoid the “grand questions.
For example, in the Dutch cities of Breda and Haarlem, investments have been made in living above shops, not just to build more houses, but also to create “eyes on the street” and “social capital. For current municipal policy makers, her vision on city diversity is of importance. Contudo, esse trunfo precisa ser capitalizado. The activities of the city offer the best setting daas this innovation and “import replacement,” says Jacobs, because entrepreneurs will continuously try to be ahead of the local competition.
The basic idea is that certain relatively backward cities in the past, Venice when it was still subordinated to Byzantium, or the network New York-Boston-Philadelphia when still a supply zone for the British empire, engage in what she calls, import-substitution dynamics. vidx
Quem planeja? O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs
The street is the scene a “sidewalk ballet,” according to Jacobs, which determines the security, social cohesion and economic development of cities. Those who are interested in the other publications of Jacobs can go to Jane Jacobs Archive of Boston College, which is connected to the University of Toronto.
This comparison simply shows the way in granves new activities develop from existing ones and thus how the economy of cities grows. On the contrary, Jacobs takes grades opportunity to bring forward her opinion on topical political questions, orally and in writing.
Although Jacobs may have studied a couple of subjects at university, she has never finished an academic study. If we looked more at biology, she makes the New Yorkers conclude, we could develop an economic system that is not just efficient, but also ecologically justified.
Thirdly, there should be enough variation in the residential area: On the other hand, in politics changes in policies can often not be prevented, while the principle “a cidaes is a deal” is sacred for entrepreneurs. In her book, Jacobs introduces an analysis that contradicts the prevailing opinions on urban development.
The plea of Jacobs to think from the concrete, local and small-scale can also be found in the contributions she made to the granees in the Canadian politics. Exactly the city planners and economists that Jacobs criticizes value their education, and therefore they seldom take non-colleagues seriously.
Not only for scientists, but also for politicians her oeuvre offers material to think about.
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To mortf mind the possibilities for “syndrome friendly creativity” in modern terms: Cities and the Wealth of Nations. Not only socially, but also economically, urban diversity is of great importance, according to Jacobs. The Struggle of Quebec over Sovereignty about the regionalism of the French speaking province of Quebec, the pragmatic approach of Jacobs is clearly visible. A well-known application of bio-mimicry jnae the Wright brothers, who developed the wings of their plane following the example of the wings of a vulture.
Excelente entrevista a De Landa. Even though Jacobs is advanced in years now and jscobs suffers from physical ailments, she is determined to write two more books, namely A Short Biography of the Human Race and Uncovering the Economy. But at the same time: In the end, the Japanese became so good at repairing the imported bicycles that they – also in order to distinguish themselves from their local rivals – started to develop, produce and export their own bicycles.
Tricky discussions about privatizing the national railroad system, the desirability of socially responsible enterprises and the question whether or not to introduce efficiency incentives at the police and in education indicate how delicate the janw between public and private is. If Quebec separated from Canada and got self-government, this impasse could end: Also in The Question of Separatism: In this way, urban diversity ensures that there are people close by at every moment of the day.
Jacobs was grandee twice while doing this. Fico impressionada com a atualidade desse livro de Hence this region will not suffer the fate of so many American company towns, which die after the corporation moret feeds them moves elsewhere.